This disease is a deterioration of the macula, the portion of the retina that allows us to see the fine details in the center of the visual field. There are two types of ARMD: "wet" and "dry." "Dry" ARMD, the less debilitating form of the disease, accounts for about 90 percent of all cases of macular degeneration
How it Strikes
As we age, tiny pockets of fatty waste and minerals can accumulate under the macula. These deposits, called drusen, form clusters of whitish or yellowish bumps and give the retina a splotchy appearance. The macular tissue deteriorates and thins, causing loss of central vision.
Macular degeneration results in a gradual loss of central vision. Signs may appear blurry, faces may become hard to recognize, and straight lines may appear wavy. Bright light may be required for reading.
Although there is no way to completely restore vision lost to macular degeneration, doctors may be able to slow its progression and perhaps even improve sight. Treatment options may include drugs, laser treatments, or a combination of the two.
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